Fluxus Survival Fundamental

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facts about the article
As of 2011/08/13
Author(s) Alison Knowles
Benefits artists, general public, fluxus scholars
Boroughs Manhattan
Cities Ehlhalten, Kassel, Wiesbaden
Countries Germany
Full Article Full Article
Mentions Dick Higgins, Emmett Williams, Alison Knowles, George Brecht, George Maciunas, John Cage, Joseph Beuys, Nam June Paik, Charlotte Moorman, Yoko Ono, George Maciunas, Fluxus
Neighborhoods SOHO
Organizations Guggenheim Museum, Documenta X, Tate Modern, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University, Artist Organized Art
Regions Taunus mountains, Europe, USA
Subject(s) George Maciunas, Fluxus
Supports artists, organizers, general public
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Fluxus Survival Fundamental
George Maciunas Seeking Shelter

Saturday, August 13th, 2011

by Alison Knowles


Before we arrived in Germany that first winter, to live in the Ehlhalten house that George had built with the potato farmer, we learned that George had worked the previous winter living as a draftsman, by day, and in the back of his car, by night. This was verboten, of course, and took daily ingenuity, courage and presence of mind to carry it off. Each night became a performance. First George bought the food at the PX, either eating there or adding to his stash of small stock items for the car. No need to eat in a restaurant – ever!

Alison Knowles provides this drawing (2011) of George Maciunas. The background image
traces part of The Berlin Wall, in yellow, the satelite image is provided by NASA.


George Maciunas: was a Lithuanian-born Manhattan based artist operating in Europe and the USA between the 1950’s and 1970’s. He was the defining founder of Fluxus, a small group of experimental artists who grew into a large international community of artists, architects, composers, and designers. Other leading members who forged this movement included Dick Higgins, Emmett Williams, Alison Knowles, George Brecht, John Cage, Joseph Beuys, Nam June Paik, Charlotte Moorman and Yoko Ono. Maciunas is most famous for organising and performing early Fluxus Concerts and for assembling a series of highly influential artists’ multiples and selling them through his own Fluxus store on Canal Street in NYC. He is also credited with having pioneered SOHO as an artist’s enclave in lower Manhattan.

Alison Knowles: American visual artist known for her soundworks, installation, performances and publications, and as a founding member of Fluxus. In 1967, Knowles produced what is considered to be the first computerized poem The House of Dust in collaboration with composer James Tenney. In the 1960s, Knowles composed the Notations book of experimental composition with John Cage, and Coeurs Volants, a print with Marcel Duchamp. Her acclaimed exhibits and performances include two walk-in book installations “The Big Book” and “The Book of Bean.” In 2008, she performed three Event Scores at the Tate Modern in London, and in 2009 she exhibited and performed in “The 3rd Mind” American Artists Contemplate Asia, 1860-1989 at the Guggenheim Museum. She was appointed guest professor at Documenta X in Kassel, Germany, and in 2009 was an artist-in-residence at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. An edition of The House Of Dust is due to publish this Fall. She recently performed at the White House.

Ehlhalten is approximately 12 km north east of the state capital Wiesbaden, Germany, at the edge of the Taunus mountains. As a boro of Eppstein it is joined by Bremthal, Ehlhalten, Eppstein, Niederjosbach and Vockenhausen. Ehlhalten is the boro with the fewest number of inhabitants (about 1350) but the largest area due to its rather big forests. According to legend, Ehlhalten once provided a cutter that tailors used at the water of the brook in Ehlhalten. As the water rose and fell, affecting the measurement of the inch, people cried: “Elle halten!” (“hold the inch!”), leading to the name Ehlhalten.

The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the “death strip”) that contained anti-vehicle trenches and other defenses.

Facts about Fluxus Survival FundamentalRDF feed
As of13 August 2011  +
AuthorAlison Knowles  +
Benefitsartists  +, general public  +, and fluxus scholars  +
BoroughsManhattan  +
CitiesEhlhalten  +, Kassel  +, and Wiesbaden  +
CountriesGermany  +
Full ArticleFull Article  +
MentionsDick Higgins  +, Emmett Williams  +, Alison Knowles  +, George Brecht  +, George Maciunas  +, John Cage  +, Joseph Beuys  +, Nam June Paik  +, Charlotte Moorman  +, Yoko Ono  +, and Fluxus  +
NeighborhoodsSOHO  +
OrganizationsGuggenheim Museum  +, Documenta X  +, Tate Modern  +, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University  +, and Artist Organized Art  +
RegionsTaunus mountains  +, Europe  +, and USA  +
SubjectGeorge Maciunas  +, and Fluxus  +
Supportsartists  +, organizers  +, and general public  +
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